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Geosciencies Institute (CSIC-UCM)
St. José Antonio Nováis 2. Madrid 28040. Spain
Tfno: (34) 91 3944903/4813

Applied Petrology for Heritage Conservation Research Group

2010


FORT, R., ALVAREZ DE BUERGO, M,. PEREZ-MONSERRAT, E.M., VARAS, M.J.
Characterisation of monzogranitic batholiths as a supply source for heritage construction in the northwest of Madrid. Engineering Geology 115, 149-157

 

LOPEZ-ARCE, P., GOMEZ-VILLALBA, L.S., PINHO, L., FERNÁNDEZ-VALLE, M.E., ALVAREZ DE BUERGO, M., FORT, R.
Influence of porosity and relative humidity on consolidation of dolostone with calcium hydroxide nanoparticles: Effectiveness assessment with non-destructive techniques. Materials Characterization 61 (2), 168-184

 

LOPEZ-ARCE, P., VARAS MURIEL, M.J., FERNÁNDEZ-REVUELTA, B., ALVAREZ DE BUERGO, M., FORT, R., PEREZ-SOBA, C.
Artificial weathering of Spanish granites subjected to salt crystallization tests: surface roughness quantification. Catena 83 (2-3), 170-185

 

LOPEZ-ARCE, P., FORT, R, GÓMEZ-HERAS, M, PÉREZ-MONSERRAT, E. VARAS-MURIEL, M.J.
Preservation strategies for avoidance of salt crystallisation in El Paular Monastery cloister, Madrid, Spain Environmental Earth Sciences. DOI: 10.1007/s12665-010-0733-x

 


2009


GOMEZ-HERAS, M., MCCABE S., SMITH B.J., FORT R.
Impacts of Fire on Stone-Built Heritage: An Overview. Journal of Architectural Conservation 2, 47-59.

 

LOPEZ-ARCE, P., DOEHNE, E., GREENSHIELDS, J., BENAVENTE, D., YOUNG, D.
Treatment of rising damp and salt decay: the historic masonry buildings of Adelaide, South Australia. Materials and Structures 42, 827-848

 

LOPEZ-ARCE, P., GARCIA-GUINEA, J., BENAVENTE, D., TORMO, L., DOEHNE, E.
Deterioration of dolostone by magnesium sulphate salt: An example of incompatible building materials at Bonaval Monastery, Spain. Construction and Building Materials 23, 846-855

 


2008


DOMINGO, C., ALVAREZ DE BUERGO, M., SANCHEZ-CORTES, S., FORT, R., GARCIA-RAMOS, J.V.
Possibilities of the molecular Infrared and Raman spectroscopies to monitor the polymerization process of water repellents and consolidants in stones.
Progress in Organic Coatings 63 (1), 5-12

 

FORT, R., FERNANDEZ-REVUELTA, B., VARAS, M.J., ALVAREZ DE BUERGO, M., TABORDA, M.
Effect of anisotropy on Madrid-region Cretaceous dolostone durability in salt crystallization processes.
Materiales de Construcción, 58 (289-290), 161-177

http://materconstrucc.revistas.csic.es/index.php/materconstrucc/issue/monografico

 

GOMEZ-HERAS, M., FORT, R., MORCILLO M., MOLPECERES C., OCAÑA, J.L.
Laser heating: a minimally invasive technique for studying fire-generated heating in building stone.
Materiales de Construcción 58 (289-290), 203-217

http://materconstrucc.revistas.csic.es/index.php/materconstrucc/issue/monografico

 

VARAS, M.J., ALVAREZ DE BUERGO, M., PEREZ-MONSERRAT, E., FORT, R.
Decay of the restoration render mortar of the church of San Manuel and San Benito, Madrid, Spain: results from optical and electron microscopy.
Materials Characterization 59 (11), 1531-1540 DOI: 10.1016/j.matchar.2007.11.008

 

VAZQUEZ-CALVO, C., GOMEZ TUBIO, B., ALVAREZ DE BUERGO, M., ORTEGA FELIU, I., FORT, R., RESPALDIZA, M.A.
The use of a portable energy dispersive x-ray fluorescence spectrometer for the characterization of patinas from the architectural heritage of the Iberian peninsula.
X-Ray Spetrometry 37 (4), 399-409 DOI: 10.1002/xrs.1088

 

VARAS, M.J., ÁLVAREZ DE BUERGO, M., FORT, R.
The influence of past protective treatments on the deterioration of historic stone façades: a case study.
Studies in Conservation 52, 110-125

 

GÓMEZ-HERAS, M., FORT, R., SMITH, B.J.
Influence of surface heterogeneities of building granite on its thermal microenvironment and its potential for the generation of thermal weathering.
Environmental Geology 56 (3-4), 547-560 (DOI 10.1007/S00254-008-1356-3)

 

FORT, R.
Natural stone and built heritage: The same field of research. La piedra Natural y el Patrimonio construido: Un mismo campo de investigación.
Materials Construcction 58 (289-290), 7-10

 


2007


FORT, R., VARAS, M.J., PEREZ-MONSERRAT, E., LUQUE, J., ALVAREZ DE BUERGO, M., VAZQUEZ-CALVO, C.
Bricks of the walled complex of Talamanca de Jarama, Madrid: Criteria for their differentiation.
Boletín de la Sociedad Española de Cerámica y Vidrio 46, 145-152

 

GOMEZ-HERAS, M., FORT, R.
Patterns of halite (NaCl) crystallisation in building stone conditioned by laboratory heating regimes.
Environmental Geology 52 (2), 239-247

 

VARAS, M.J., ALVAREZ DE BUERGO, M., FORT, R.
The Origin and Development of Natural Cements: The Spanish Experience Construction and Building Materials 21, 436-445

 

VARAS, M.J., ALVAREZ DE BUERGO, M., FORT, R.
The influence of past protective treatments on the deterioration of historic stone façades: a case study.
Studies in Conservation 52, 110-124

 

VAZQUEZ-CALVO, C., ALVAREZ DE BUERGO, M., FORT, R.
Overview of recent knowledge of patinas on stone monuments: the Spanish experience The Geological Society of London.
Special Publications 271, 295-307.

 

VAZQUEZ-CALVO, C., ALVAREZ DE BUERGO, M., FORT, R., VARAS, M.J.
Characterization of patinas by means of microscopic techniques.
Materials Characterization 58, 1119-1132.

 


2006


GOMEZ-HERAS, M., SMITH, B.J., FORT, R.
Surface temperature differences between minerals in crystalline rocks: implications for granular disaggregation of granites through thermal fatigue.
Geomorphology 78, 236-249

 


2005


ALVAREZ DE BUERGO, M., FORT, R., GOMEZ-HERAS, M.
The Monastery of Uclés (Cuenca, Spain): characterisation and deterioration of building materials
Materiales de Construcción, 54(275), 5-22

 

BENAVENTE, D., GARCIA DEL CURA, M.A., FORT, R., ORDOÑEZ, S.
Durability estimation of porous building stones from pore structure and strength
Engineering Geology 74, 113-127

 

GARCIA DEL CURA, M.A, BENAVENTE, D., BERNABEU, A., FORT, R., LA IGLESIA, A., ORDOÑEZ, S.
Microcrystaline limestone used as building stone: The Case of Gris Pulpis Stone.
Materiales de Construcción 55(227), 5-23

 

VARAS, M.J., ALVAREZ DE BUERGO, M., FORT, R.
Natural cement as precursor of portland cement: methodology for its identification
Cement and Concrete Research 35(11), 2055-2065.

 


2004


ALVAREZ DE BUERGO, M., FORT, R., GOMEZ-HERAS, M.
Contributions of scanning electron microscopy to the assessment of the effectiveness of stone conservation treatments
Scanning 26(1), 41-47.

 

FORT, R., ALVAREZ DE BUERGO, M., LÓPEZ DE AZCONA, M.C., MINGARRO, F., VARAS, M.J., SORIANO, J.
Characterization of the brickwork from Palacio del Infante Don Luis, Boadilla del Monte, Madrid (Spain)
Boletín de la Sociedad Española de Cerámica y Vidrio. 43, 2

 

FORT, R., ALVAREZ DE BUERGO, M., MINGARRO, F., LOPEZ DE AZCONA, M.C.
Stone decay in XVIII century monuments due to iron corrosion. The royal palace, Madrid (Spain)
Building and Environment 39, 357-364

 

GOMEZ HERAS, M., BENAVENTE, D., ALVAREZ DE BUERGO, M., FORT, R.
Soluble salt minerals from pigeon droppings as potential contributors to the decay of stone based cultural heritage
European Journal of Mineralogy 16, 505-509

 

GOMEZ-HERAS, M., FORT, R.
Location of quarries of non-traditional stony materials in the architecture of Madrid: The Crypt of the Cathedral of Santa María la Real de la Almudena.
Materiales de Construcción, 54, 33-49

 


2003


ALVAREZ DE BUERGO, M., FORT, R.
Protective patinas applied on stony façades of historical building in the past
Construction & Building Materials 17, 2, 83-89

 

BENAVENTE, D., MARTÍNEZ-VERDÚ, F, BERNABÉU, A., VIQUEIRA, V., FORT, R., GARCÍA DEL CURA, M.A., ILLUECA, C., ORDÓÑEZ, S.
Influence of surface roughness on color changes in building stones
Color Research and Application 28, 5, 343-351

 

FORT, R., ALVAREZ DE BUERGO, M., MINGARRO, F., LÓPEZ DE AZCONA, M.C.
Chemical processes of alteration on the surface of building stones by antropogenic contamination
Afinidad LX, 507, 450-457

 

GOMEZ-HERAS, M., ALVAREZ DE BUERGO, M., FORT, R., REBOLLAR, E., OUIJA, M., CASTILLEJO, M.
Laser removal of water repellent treatments on limestone
Applied Surface Science 219, 3-4, 290-299

 

SANCHO, C., FORT, R., BELMONTE, A.
Weathering rates of sandstone historic structures in semiarid environments (Ebro Basin, NE Spain)
Catena 53, 53-64

 


2002


ALVAREZ DE BUERGO, M., FORT, R.
Characterizing the construction materials of historic building and evaluating possible preservation treatments for restoration purposes architectural heritage Geological Society of London.
Special Publications 205, 241-254.

 

FORT, R., BERNABÉU, A., GARCÍA DEL CURA, M.A., ORDOÑEZ, S., LOPEZ DE AZCONA, M.C., MINGARRO, F.
Novelda stone: a stone widely used within the Spanish architectural heritage
Materiales de Construcción 52, 266, 19-32

 

LOPEZ DE AZCONA, M.C, FORT, R., MINGARRO, F.
Conservation of the stone in Cibeles Fountain, Madrid, Spain
Materiales de Construcción 52, 265, 67-77

 


2001


ALVAREZ DE BUERGO, M., FORT, R.
A basic methodology for evaluating and selecting water-proofing treatments applied to carbonatic materials.
Progress in Organic Coatings 43, 258-266

 


2000


FORT, R., LOPEZ DE AZCONA, M.C., MINGARRO, F
Cleaning of stone materials in the Catedral de Valladolid (Spain)
Materiales de Construcción 50, 258, 37-50

 

FORT, R., LOPEZ DE AZCONA, M.C., MINGARRO, F., RODRIGUEZ, J.
Chromatic parameters as performance indicators for stone cleaning techniques.
Color Research and Application 25,6, 442-446

 


1999


BENAVENTE, D., GARCIA DEL CURA, M.A., FORT, R., ORDOÑEZ, S.
Thermodynamic modelling of charges induced by salt pressure crystallisation in porous media of stone.
Journal of Crystal Growth, 204, 168-178

 


1998


ORDOÑEZ, S., FORT, R., GARCIA DEL CURA, M.A.
Pore size distribution and the durability of a porous limestone.
Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology, 30, 221-230

 

BENAVENTE, D., GARCIA DEL CURA, M.A., FORT, R., ORDOÑEZ, S.
Thermodynamic modelling of charges induced by salt pressure crystallisation in porous media of stone.
Journal of Crystal Growth, 204, 168-178

 


1997


ORDOÑEZ, S., FORT, R., GARCIA DEL CURA, M.A.
Pore size distribution and the durability of a porous limestone.
Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology, 30, 221-230

 


1995


CALVO, J.P., JONES, B.F., BUSTILLO, M., FORT, R., ALONSO ZARZA, A.M., KENDALL, C.
Sedimentology and geochemistry of carbonates from lacustrine sequences in the Madrid Basin, central Spain.
Chemical Geology 123, 199-207

 


1993


BUSTILLO, M.A., FORT, R., BUSTILLO, M.
Specific surface area and ultramicroporosity in polymorphs of silica. European Journal of Mineralogy 5, 1024-1034.

 


1992


BUSTILLO M., FORT, R., ORDOÑEZ, S.
Genetic implications of trace-element distributions in carbonate and non-carbonate phases of limestones and dolostones from western Cantabria, Spain. Chemical Geology 97, 273-283.

 


1989


BUSTILLO, M., FORT, R., ORDOÑEZ, S.
The geochemistry of the Tertiary gypsum deposits near Chinchon Madrid, Basin Spain. Chemical Geology 70, 1/2, 5.

 




Articles in SCI journals